Hebrews 1

The Divinity of Christ before the Incarnation

v1        God spoke through the prophets  (OT)               Numbers 12:6.

v2        God now spoke by His Son.  (NT)                          John 1:

v2        Father created worlds by His Son                        Colossians 1:16.

v3        Son brightness of Father’s glory                           John 17:5.

v3        Son express image of Father’s person.               Col 1:15.   
2 Cor 4:4.

v3        Father upholds all things by the Son                  Col 1:15.17.

v3        Son sat at right hand of the Father                     Heb 1:13. 10:12.
Ps 110:1.

v4        Son better than angels                                         Hebrews 1:9.

v4        Son inherited a better Name                               Ps 2:7.  Isaiah 9:6.

v5        Father said, ‘Thou art My Son’ – begotten         Psalm 2:7.

v6        First begotten, firstborn                                       Romans 8:29.

v6        Angels to worship the Son                                   Revelation 5:12-14.

v7        Angels are spirits                                                   Psalm 104:4.

v8.9.    Father said, ‘Thy throne, O God’                         Psalm 45:6.7.

v9        Son’s God anointed Him                                      Rev 1:6.  3:12.

v9        Son anointed before creation of earth.            Proverbs 8:23.
            (Hebrew ‘set up’ means ‘anointed. 
​ Compare Ps 2:6 ‘set’ same word)

v10-12  Earth perish, Son will remain                            Psalm 102:25-27.


Chapter 1 shows the divinity of Christ

  • The Son created the worlds with His Father

  • The Son is the brightness of His Father’s glory

  • The Son is the express image of the Father’s person

  • The Son upholds all things, together with His Father

  • The Son sits at the right hand of the Father

  • The Son is higher than the angels

  • The Son better than angels, received name by birth - inheritance

  • The Son is begotten of the Father

  • The Son is the Son of the Father

  • The Son is the first begotten of the Father

  • The angels are to worship the Son

  • The Father says of His Son, ‘Thy throne O God’

  • The Son is divine like His Father

  • The Father anointed His Son above the angels

  • The Son laid the foundations of the earth;  they will perish

  • The Father says of His Son, ‘Sit at My right hand till I make your enemies your footstool’

None of this can be said of the angels

They were created beings, sons, but created

They are ministering spirits

They minister to those who are heirs of salvation


Hebrews 2

The Humanity of Christ on the Earth

v9        The Son made a little lower than angels         Gal 4:4. Phil 2:5-8.

v9        the Son received glory and honour before earth.

  •       On earth:  John 12:23.28. 13:31. ​
  •       In future:  John 17:5. Phil 2:9.10.

v9        The Son tasted death for every man.                         Luke 24:46.

v10      The Son was made perfect through suffering.         Hebrews 5:8.

v11.     He who sanctifies and those sanctified are one.      John 17:23.

v12     The Son is not ashamed to call those sanctified His brethren

(All humanity can be called Jesus’ brethren in the flesh, but this chapter speaks of those who are surrendered as Abraham was surrendered)                                   

v12      The Son will declare God’s name                    Ps 22:22.  Jn 17:6.26.

v13      The Son will put trust in God                           Ps 18:2.3.  Luk 23:46.

v13      Children given to the Son                                 John 17:

v14.     Children – flesh and blood.                              Romans 8:3.

v14      The Son will destroy devil                                 1 John 3:8.

v15      Christians can serve without fear of death               Luke 1:74.

v16      Son not nature angels, but seed of Abraham          Gal 3:14.16.

v17      The Son made in all things like His brethren           Gal 4:4-7.

v17      So He could be a merciful High priest             Heb 4:14-16.  7:25.


Chapter 2 shows the humanity of Christ

  • The Son made a little lower than the angels for suffering of death

  • The Son was crowned with glory and honour

  • The Son tasted death for every man

  • The Son was made perfect through suffering

  • The sanctified Son is one with those who are sanctified

  • ​The Son is not ashamed to call the sanctified ones his brethren

  • The Son will declare His Father’s name in the church

  • The Father has given His Son sanctified children

  • The Son is flesh and blood like men are flesh and blood

  • The Son will destroy the devil; the redeemed serve no fear of death

  • The Son took not nature of angels, but the seed of Abraham

  • The Son made like His brethren in all things, to be a merciful high priest.​


“By His humanity, Christ touched humanity;  by His divinity, He lays hold upon the throne of God.  As the Son of man, He gave us an example of obedience;  as the Son of God, He gives us power to obey.”  
The Desire of Ages p24.

“Children inherit the name of their Father. The Son of God ‘hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than the angels’. That name is the name of His Father.”   R.F. Cottrell. The Review and Herald, June 1, 1869.​​

Hebrews 1 & 2